Gender: Cultural Diversity Quiz Answers and Open Response

    1. Indigenous cultures don’t have gender diversity [True/False]
      False: Many indigenous cultures acknowledge multiple genders other than men and women. In Australia, some indigenous cultures have Sistergirls and Brotherboys for people whom we would consider trans and gender diverse. There’s a multitude of indigenous genders around the world and it is important to respect their cultural identity as well as their gender identity


    1. All gender diverse people want to transition [True/False]
      False: Some gender diverse people may not want to access medical affirmation. Their gender might be expressed through cultural roles, dress, names and identity. Medical or surgical gender affirmation may not be part of their gender at all.


    1. Gender identity and expression is intimately related with an individual’s culture [True/False]
      True: How an individual expresses their gender depends on their culture. This may include traditional dress, customs, rituals and gender roles.


    1. Indigenous genders from around the world may not necessarily identify as trans or gender diverse [True/False]
      True: Different cultures from across the world use their own language and terms to describe genders other than man and woman. They may not necessarily identify as trans or gender diverse. For example, Muxes in Mexico may seem like trans women to people outside of Zapotec culture. However, they don’t see their gender as “trans”, but rather as Muxe, which is a third gender specific to their way of life, dress and customs.


Question: How would you ask about a person’s cultural identity? What are some elements you could introduce to your day-to-day practice? [Open-ended answer]


Have a look at the interactive map below to learn more about gender diversity from across the world:


Many health professionals may not be familiar with working with transgender or gender diverse individuals. As such, it might be challenging for them to navigate with confidence the correct terminology. Gender identity is protected by law and as such discrimination against transgender and gender diverse individuals in clinical setting could be unlawful. It is therefore extremely important for clinicians to have basic communication skills with transgender and gender diverse patients in order for them to provide accessible healthcare.

In the following section, we’ll develop some of your clinical skills when treating trans and gender diverse patients.

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